Can You Shoot on Your Property in Kentucky?

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When was the last time you visited a shooting range? Perhaps you are familiar with the various safety procedures that one needs to follow when shooting at a range. There is protective equipment that needs to be worn and range rules that shooters are required to read and understand before they are allowed to shoot at the facility.

If you have been considering whether you can do target shooting practice on your own property, then it is important for you to be familiar with the local regulations within your area of residence so that you can implement the necessary safety measures to ensure that you are able to shoot safely.

Can You Shoot on Your Property in Kentucky?

Yes, you can shoot on your property in Kentucky because there are no specific state statutes that prohibits residents from discharging weapons safely within their private property.

However, it is important for you to consult your local authorities so as to find out whether there are any specific city ordinances which restrict this activity.

man holding a rifle looking out into the landscape

Gun Safety Tips When Shooting on Private Property

Shooting on private property is a delicate undertaking. When properly planned, it allows you to enjoy your own backyard shooting range like the professionally available gun ranges in Kentucky. However, failure to adhere to the property safety guidelines can lead to terrible accidents.

For instance, an article on Fox 4 website outlines the unfortunate incident of a 14-year-old girl who was shot by a stray bullet which originated from a neighbour’s yard. In order to avoid such a situation, here are some guidelines that you should keep in mind when shooting on your private property:

Have a Sturdy Backstop

This is one of the most effective ways to prevent stray bullets and debris from escaping and causing harm to life and property.

target board with many bullet holes

Aim for the Right Target

It is always advisable that you should:

  • Get commercial targets that can be found at your local gun store.
  • You should never shoot at water or on hard surfaces since this increases the likelihood of bullets getting diverted and thereby causing injury to persons or damage to property.
  • In addition, you shouldn’t shoot at living trees or glass bottles.

Use the Right Technique

Needless to say, when target shooting on your private property, you need to exercise maximum precaution when it comes to technique. You should never attempt to discharge a firearm while intoxicated and neither should you allow children to play with your firearms.

According to the USSCA website, open carry is legal in the state of Kentucky without a license for residents who are above 18 years of age. On the other hand, concealed carry is legal for individuals who are above 21 years of age.

woman in black wearing protective gear while holding a gun practicing shooting

Allow Sufficient Space

Despite all the measures you might have put in place to prevent a stray bullet from going to an undesired location, it is also advisable that you should shoot in a spacious and expansive location which is not crowded with clutter or close to any pathways.

An article on Realtree website states that rural homes with expansive grounds often make the perfect location for a backyard gun range.

Wear Protective Equipment

You should always wear the necessary eyesight and hearing protective equipment when shooting on your private property to ensure that you do not suffer hearing loss in later years.

Gun Laws in Kentucky

Law Handguns Long Guns
State permit for purchase No No
Firearm registration No No
Assault weapon No No
Magazine capacity restriction No No
Owner license No No
Concealed carry permit No No
Open carry permit No No
Castle Doctrine Yes Yes

Related Questions

Can You Shoot a Trespasser in Kentucky?

Yes, you can shoot a trespasser in Kentucky. Kentucky is a Castle Doctrine state which means you have a right to defend your home or in a self-defense situation at home.

Is Kentucky a Gun Friendly State?

Yes, Kentucky is a gun-friendly state. It’s one of the most gun-friendly states in the country and has few gun laws compared to other states.

What Self-Defense Weapons Are Legal in Kentucky?

You can use lethal weapons such as firearms are legal for self-defense in Kentucky. non-lethal weapons are also legal and include pepper sprays and stun guns.


Gun safety is an important issue that requires keen attention, especially in the setting of a backyard shooting range. While shooting on your private property can offer massive flexibility and ease of operations, it is important for you to adhere to the recommended safety guidelines so as to make sure that you, your family, and your property remain safe.

James Forrester is a lifelong gun and firearms owner, and an even bigger advocate for gun safety. He created with the purpose of sharing helpful tips and educating others on how to keep guns and weapons safe and secure.