Can You Shoot on Your Property in Illinois?

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With the increasing cases of crime in the streets, the general public has gone over and beyond to ensure they protect themselves and their properties.

Licensed ownership and use of firearms and ammunition is becoming a need in Illinois. However, the state has imposed rules and regulations that must be adhered to when purchasing, owning and/or using a firearm.

Can You Shoot on Your Property in Illinois?

Yes, it is okay to shoot on your property in Illinois. However, note that shooting on your property is only allowed if there is eminent danger or threat towards you and your loved ones or towards your property.

man carrying a gun in his pocket

But because guns are known to be lethal weapons, understanding the gun laws that govern the state of Illinois is paramount. Read on.

What Do You Need to Legally Possess a Firearm in Illinois?

There are several gun safety rules and recommendations in the state. These rules and recommendations are set to minimize the chances of accidental discharge of firearms, irresponsible shooting and/or firearm malfunctions.

Purchasing and using a firearm is a huge responsibility. This is why I have laws that govern the possession and use of these lethal weapons. Here are a few requirements that you must meet for you to become a legal gun owner in the state;

hand holding down a pistol on a wooden table
  • You must be of age – The state if Illinois prohibits anyone below the age of 18 to possess a firearm. The law further states that no one is authorized to transfer any firearm to anyone under the legal age of 18.
  • FOID Cards are a requirement – All residents of the state must acquire a Firearm Owner’s Identification (FOID) card from the state Police. This is set as a way to not only regulate the possession and use of firearms but to also ensure that anyone who is allowed to own a firearm understands how to handle one.
  • Safe storage of firearms and its transportation is mandatory – Any licensed firearm buyer must have an enclosed case for the transportation of the firearm. For personal safety and for the safety of others, the state advocates for safe transportation and storage of firearms.

When purchasing or transporting a firearm, ensure that the firearm is unloaded and safely put in an enclosed case.

On What Occasion Can a Firearm License Be Revoked in Illinois?

The Department of State Police has the authority to revoke a FOID card in the event of:

man sitting in a camp fire holding a cup and gun
  • Indictment or conviction of a felony
  • Drug and substance addiction
  • Mental health disorders
  • Unlawful residency in the state
  • False statements made when acquiring a FOID card

Is Shooting an Intruder Justified in Illinois?

No. According to the Illinois State laws, shooting an intruder is not classified an act of self-defense, even for a licensed gun owner. Always remember that it is against the law to shoot at a person unless there is justifiable need for using reasonable force.

Is Hunting Allowed in Illinois?

Yes, the people of Illinois are allowed to use firearms for hunting. Arguably, a good number of people own guns for safety reasons. In Illinois, gun possession is not just a safety measure but also an adventure for hunting enthusiasts.

Coyote and deer hunting is an activity that is common in the state. And the good news is that hunting on private owned land is permissible as long as the gun owner has a valid hunting and trapping license.


Shooting on your Illinois property is allowed by the law as long as the gun laws and requirements are observed. Safe use and storage of these firearms, however, needs to be a personal initiative.

As a gun owner, it is important for you to apply the basic safety rules like unloading and locking all firearms when not in use. The ultimate goal is to reduce the chances of gun theft and unintentional discharge of firearms while encouraging responsible use of firearms.

James Forrester is a lifelong gun and firearms owner, and an even bigger advocate for gun safety. He created with the purpose of sharing helpful tips and educating others on how to keep guns and weapons safe and secure.